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HIV transmission & prevention

You can only get HIV if the bodily fluids of someone who already has HIV get into your body. A person with HIV can pass the virus to others whether they have symptoms or not.

There are a lot of myths around how HIV is passed from one person to another (HIV transmission) but there are only a few ways you can get it. There are also a number of things you can do to reduce your chances of infection.

Find out here about the ways HIV can be passed on and how to protect yourself from the virus.


There are only a few ways you can get HIV. Find out how to protect yourself.
Condoms protect you from HIV
Unprotected sex (not using a condom) puts you at risk of HIV and STIs.
Using clean needles protects you from HIV
Sharing needles and syringes puts you at risk of HIV and other infections.
Treatment during pregnancy and breastfeeding will keep your baby free of HIV
Mothers living with HIV can take treatment to protect their baby from HIV.
Ask if the blood transfusion you are getting has been tested for HIV
Blood transfusions or organ donations must be tested for HIV so they are safe.
Ways you can't get HIV
A lot of people still believe you can get HIV from things like toilet seats and insects.
Condom on thumbs up
Learn about safer sex - using condoms and the risk of mixing alcohol, drugs and sex.
Last updated:
02 May 2019