You are here

HIV prevention programming

As the global HIV epidemic has grown it has become more apparent that a combination of prevention initiatives is needed to halt its spread.

This means more than just single programmes like condom provisioning. Instead, a more holistic approach to HIV prevention programming is needed that targets multiple causes of HIV transmission.

Here, we discuss some of the main HIV prevention initiatives including voluntary medical male circumcision, harm reduction, prevention of mother-to-child transmission and treatment as prevention.

Next full review: 
10 August 2019
Stop AIDS sign in Zanzibar, Tanzania
A combination of HIV prevention initiatives that target key affected populations are required to stop the HIV epidemic.
Image of young mother and baby
Giving treatment to HIV-positive pregnant women and testing their baby at birth prevents the mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
Group of men smiling - rural Africa
Male circumcision reduces female-to-male HIV transmission by 60% and is a key prevention programme in sub-Saharan Africa.
Image of a person taking pill to illustrate TasP
Ensuring all people living with HIV are on treatment also has a public health benefit as it reduces the risk of onwards transmission by 96%.
Act Up London demonstrating against the unavailability of PrEP
Taken correctly, PrEP can reduce the risk of getting HIV to near-zero and is now regarded by UNAIDS as a key component of the Fast-Track response.
Image of the words harm reduction saves lives on back of hoodie
A combination of harm reduction for HIV prevention programmes are needed to protect people who use drugs and their sexual partners.
Last updated:
18 February 2022
Next full review:
10 August 2019